Cancer is a major cause of illness and death worldwide, and here at Manhattan Primary Care, our primary care physicians NYC focus is on prevention and prompt detection. Initially, cancer can cause few, if any symptoms, and our goal is to check for early signs of cancers, when the disease is frequently more treatable and which allows for a better long-term prognosis. A screening will check your body for cancer, sometimes before you develop symptoms.
Regular cancer screenings can find colorectal, cervical, breast, prostate, and lung cancers early when treatment can be more effective and potentially less invasive.
Colorectal Cancer Screening
Usually, colorectal cancer develops from small polyps found in the colon or rectum. Regular screening can detect these polyps, removing them before they become cancerous. Regular screenings usually begin at age 50, but some people might benefit from earlier screenings.
You might need to be tested earlier if you have a family history of:
- Colorectal cancer
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Genetic syndrome that increases your risk
Colorectal Screening Tests
There are several colorectal cancer screening tests, and stool tests to detect signs of blood and which are usually carried out yearly. Other tests, such a colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy, use a lighted tube to examine the colon visually and to remove any polyps detected.
CT colonoscopy uses a CT scan to produce virtual images of the entire colon.
Cervical Cancer Screening
Cervical cancer causes very few symptoms until well advanced but can often be treated very successfully when detected early. The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a known risk factor for cervical cancer, and we can test for this separately. Usually, women are recommended to start getting Pap tests at age 21.
Depending on the results and whether you have HPV, the frequency of tests can range from annually, to every three to five years.
A cervical cancer screening uses a Pap test or Pap smear to analyze cells from the cervix and can detect abnormal and precancerous cells. If you do have abnormal cells and which could become cancerous, treatment can prevent cervical cancer from developing in most cases.
Breast Cancer Screening
Women aged 50 to 74 and who have an average risk of breast cancer are recommended to get a mammogram every two years. Younger women should discuss their need for screenings with a doctor.
Women with a family history of breast cancer may be advised to begin having regular mammograms before age 50. Screenings can involve diagnostic tests and clinical breast examinations.
Breast cancer screenings frequently use a mammogram, a detailed x-ray of the breast to detect signs of this disease. Mammograms can help to detect breast cancer early before any lumps can be felt or before it causes other symptoms.
Breast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Breast MRIs are used to screen women at higher risk of breast cancer but are not usually used for women at average risk because tissues can appear abnormal even when cancer isn’t present.
Women are recommended to carry out regular self-checks each month and to become aware of how healthy breasts look and feel so that any changes are more easily detected and can be reported to a doctor.
Prostate Cancer Screening
Prostate cancer screening checks for the prostate-specific antigen (PSA). Most cases of prostate cancer develop slowly, but in the United States alone, 12 out of 100 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer at some stage during their lifetime.
Men with a family history of prostate cancer may wish to discuss the benefits of a prostate cancer screening test with their doctor to help them decide if this could be useful.
The PSA test is a blood test that measures the level of PSA and can screen men who do not have any symptoms of prostate cancer. The test will show if PSA levels are normal or high, but a high level of PSA can have other cause besides prostate cancer.
Lung Cancer Screening
Lung cancer screening might be recommended by our physicians if you have a history of heavy smoking and currently smoke, or have quit during the past few years, and are aged between 55 and 80. Heavy smokers are classified as using a pack a day for a year or more.
Low-Dose CT Scan
A low-dose CT scan is recommended when screening for lung cancer. It provides a detailed image of the lungs using only low doses of radiation.
If required, we can also screen for other types of cancer and such as pancreatic, ovarian, testicular, thyroid, and bladder cancers. When you visit our practice, we will evaluate your level of risk for these cancers by carefully evaluating your medical history and your family medical history. Often, screening for some cancers isn’t useful or appropriate for everyone. We will only suggest cancer screenings when we feel it will be most beneficial for you, and we will never recommend unnecessary testing.
Our New York Doctors Focus on Prevention
Our NYC primary care and internal medicine doctors focus on prevention. It’s important to follow up regularly with your doctor to discuss which diagnostic and screening tests may be appropriate. Cancer screening allows our physicians to check for some forms of cancer in the body even without any symptoms. The goal of this to find early cancers that maybe be treatable and allow for a better outcome for patients.
Cancer screening must be individualized based on your age, risk factors and family history and other factors. At Manhattan Primary Care, we attempt to work with you to find a plan and appropriate testing based on your needs and situation.
Certain cancers that have approved testing include colon cancer, breast cancer, cervical cancer, prostate, lung cancer and others. Guidelines often change and patients need to be evaluated by a physician to give you the correct recommendations. Prevention is our goal! We look forward to meeting you.
Cancer Screening for Patients in NYC
Because there is such a diverse range of cancers, our diagnostic and screening tests are carefully customized for each patient, based on your level of risk, your age, and your family history and other factors.
Please make an appointment at one of our convenient locations in Midtown Manhattan or Upper East Side with our primary care physicians. Our general practitioners and internist doctors look forward to meeting you!