There are many types of sleep disorders. Insomnia is a problem with sleep where patients have trouble falling or staying asleep. Subsequently, they do not feel rested when they wake up. Symptoms can be severe and damage work and home life. In certain cases, patient may need to keep logs of their sleep schedules or undergo special sleep tests. Good sleep hygiene is always important and some components include:
- Sleep only long enough to feel rested and then get out of bed
- Go to bed and get up at the same time every day
- Do not try to force yourself to sleep. If you can’t sleep, get out of bed and try again later.
- Have coffee, tea, and other foods that have caffeine only in the morning
- Avoid alcohol in the late afternoon, evening, and bedtime
- Avoid smoking, especially in the evening
- Keep your bedroom dark, cool, quiet, and free of reminders of work or other things that cause you stress
- Solve problems you have before you go to bed
- Exercise several days a week, but not right before bed
- Avoid looking at phones or reading devices (“e-books”) that give off light before bed. This can make it harder to fall asleep.
Medications may be necessary as part of your treatment depending on your individual case. In those cases, antidepressants maybe be more useful than a sleep aid. If you have any questions or would like to make an appointment with our award winning, primary care physicians in Midtown or on Upper East Side, please call Manhattan Primary Care doctors.